DANCES & MUSIC
• Natyashastra of Bharat Muni describes three aspects of dance:
o Natya highlights the dramatic element
o Nritya is essentially expressional, performed specifically to convey the meaning of a theme or idea.
o Nritta on the other hand, is pure dance where body movements do not express any mood (bhava), nor do they convey any meaning.
• Google celebrated the 97th birth anniversary of legendary Kathak dancer Sitara Devi with a doodle.
About Sitara Devi
• She was described as Nṛitya Samrajni, meaning “Empress of Dance” by Rabindranath Tagore
• She was conferred with prestigious honours like Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, Padma Shree, Kalidas Samman and the India Lifetime Achievement Award. About Kathak
• It is a traditional dance form of Uttar Pradesh which traces its origin back to the Ras Leela of Brajbhoomi. It derives its name from “kathika” meaning story tellers.
• The dance form is characterized by intricate footworks and is generally accompanied with dhrupad music. Other music such as Taranas, Thumris and Ghazals were also introduced during the Mughal period.
• It is the only Indian classical dance having a synthesis of Hindu and Muslim traditions.
• Kathak is also known for the development of different gharanas (Lucknow, Jaipur, Raigarh, Banaras) as it is the only classical dance based on Hindustani style of music.
• Other famous proponents: Birju Maharaj, Lacchu Maharaj, Sitara Devi, Damayanti Joshi etc
• The Odisha government will establish an Odissi museum in Bhubaneswar.
• Odissi is the classical dance form of Odisha.
• It symbolises the element of water.
• It was originally performed by maharis who were temple dancers. Later group of boys named Gotipua were trained in this art. They danced in temples and for public entertainment.
• Facial expressions, hand gestures and body movements in Odissi are used to suggest a certain feeling, an emotion or one of the nine rasas. It is similar to Bharatnatyam in the use of mudras.
• The dancers create intricate geometrical shapes and patterns with her body. Hence, it is known as “mobile sculpture”
• The techniques of movement are built around the two basic postures of the Chowk and the Tribhanga. o The chowk is a position imitating a square – a very masculine stance with the weight of the body equally balanced. The tribhanga is a very feminine stance where the body is deflected at the neck, torso and the knees
• Musical instruments used in Odissi are pakhwaj, sitar, manjira and flute.