Art and CULTURE – DANCES & MUSIC

Art and CULTURE – DANCES & MUSIC

DANCES & MUSIC

• Natyashastra of Bharat Muni describes three aspects of dance:

o Natya highlights the dramatic element

o Nritya is essentially expressional, performed specifically to convey the meaning of a theme or idea.

o Nritta on the other hand, is pure dance where body movements do not express any mood (bhava), nor do they convey any meaning.

1. KATHAK
• Google celebrated the 97th birth anniversary of legendary Kathak dancer Sitara Devi with a doodle.

About Sitara Devi

• She was described as Nṛitya Samrajni, meaning “Empress of Dance” by Rabindranath Tagore

• She was conferred with prestigious honours like Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, Padma Shree, Kalidas Samman and the India Lifetime Achievement Award. About Kathak

• It is a traditional dance form of Uttar Pradesh which traces its origin back to the Ras Leela of Brajbhoomi. It derives its name from “kathika” meaning story tellers.

• The dance form is characterized by intricate footworks and is generally accompanied with dhrupad music. Other music such as Taranas, Thumris and Ghazals were also introduced during the Mughal period.

• It is the only Indian classical dance having a synthesis of Hindu and Muslim traditions.

• Kathak is also known for the development of different gharanas (Lucknow, Jaipur, Raigarh, Banaras) as it is the only classical dance based on Hindustani style of music.

• Other famous proponents: Birju Maharaj, Lacchu Maharaj, Sitara Devi, Damayanti Joshi etc

.2. ODISSI

• The Odisha government will establish an Odissi museum in Bhubaneswar.
About Odissi

• Odissi is the classical dance form of Odisha.

• It symbolises the element of water.

• It was originally performed by maharis who were temple dancers. Later group of boys named Gotipua were trained in this art. They danced in temples and for public entertainment.

• Facial expressions, hand gestures and body movements in Odissi are used to suggest a certain feeling, an emotion or one of the nine rasas. It is similar to Bharatnatyam in the use of mudras.

• The dancers create intricate geometrical shapes and patterns with her body. Hence, it is known as “mobile sculpture”

• The techniques of movement are built around the two basic postures of the Chowk and the Tribhanga. o The chowk is a position imitating a square – a very masculine stance with the weight of the body equally balanced. The tribhanga is a very feminine stance where the body is deflected at the neck, torso and the knees

• Musical instruments used in Odissi are pakhwaj, sitar, manjira and flute.

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